Savona is a seaport and comune in the northern Italian region of Liguria, capital of the Province of Savona, in the Riviera di Ponente on the Mediterranean Sea.
Savona used to be one of the chief seats of the Italian iron industry, having iron-works and foundries, shipbuilding, railway workshops, engineering shops, and a brass foundry.
One of the most celebrated former inhabitants of Savona was the navigator Christopher Columbus, who farmed land in the area while chronicling his journeys. "Columbus's house", a cottage situated in the Savona hills, lay between vegetable crops and fruit trees. It is one of several residences in Liguria associated with Columbus.
Vado Ligure, in antiquity Vada Sabatia, is a town and comune in the province of Savona, Liguria, in northern Italy.
Vado has a large industrial and commercial port.
Vado Ligure is home to a Bombardier railway construction plant, founded in 1905 by Westinghouse. In 1919 it was taken over by Tecnomasio Italia Brown Boveri, since 2001 it is part of Bombardier Transportation. It currently produces the E.464 locomotive.
The town's territory also includes an electric power plant, whose two towers, 200 metres (660 ft) high, are visible for kilometers in the neighbourhood.
The best notable point to land in Savona is the high construction of Silos Cereali at the root of the old wharf Frangiflutti. The Silos is recognizable from the open sea thanks to its height, its form and its light color which stands out, in conditions of good visibility, on the green and dark background of the coastal reliefs. Less visible is, by day, the intermittent red light lamp on the head of the wharf Frangiflutti. Other notable points for the harbor of Savona can be the high smokestacks of the iron and steel establishment and the bastions of the fortress of PRIAMAR almost by the sea. All the notable points are identified on the sailing maps.
The Harbour of Savona has a water mirror whose area is 553,000 mq articulated on three Docks well defined. The moorings are normally called ZONES. The port works are protected by a breakwater of 1,500 mt. The area of the ground facilities is about 35.6 hectares with a development of 4,012 ml docks. All the harbor is covered by railway lines for about 16,600 ml. For equipment and port installations, see the section dedicated to them.
It mainly forms the core of the original historical Harbor, located in the bottom of the natural creek, with a total area of 16,500 square meters. The operating ZONES are: 18 and 19 for mooring and parking of recreational boats with depths not exceeding 5 meters to the edge of the pier. The Zones 20 and 21 are reserved to the fishing fleet and to vessels of freight and passenger transport services. The depths are approximately 5 mtr. These four zones offer a useful length of 480 linear mtr. The Zone 11 is the private berth of the horbour tugs with depth of 7 mtr and a length of 60 mtr. 10,9,8 areas with depths of 8.7 meters and an overall length of 345 mtr. In the area 10 moor Ro-Ro ships specialized in auto transports, since they are just below the big AutoSilo. In the Zones 9 and 8 moor the ships carrying the cellulose on whose docks there is a large covered hall of Terminal Cellulosa. Zone 7/8: the head of the Harbour Town with a depth of 7 meters and a usable length of 84 mt. Zone 23, at the foot of the Tower Leon Pancaldo equipped with a slide for small boats, with a depth of 5 mtr and a length of 40 mtr. When you pass the head of the Old Harbour (Zones 7/8) on the straight side you lead into the dock New Dock.
It has an overall water surface of 54,000 square meters. Operational areas are from 1 to 7, with variant depths from 6.5 to 8.7 mtr. Zone 1 has a usable length of 64 meters, the 2 and 3 of a total of 220 mt, 145 mt from the 4, 5 and 6 of the total of 210 meters, the 7 of 150 mt. These moorings are mainly used by coastal ships with loads composed of: General Goods, bulk Peat, Lumber, Minerals. Some areas are occasionally used for mooring of Tugs and ecological boats used to clean harbor waters. All the docks are served by railway lines. When you exit the dock of the New Dockyard, on the straight side, there are other operational areas.
It has moorings for 900 ml. The first of these, just out of the New Docks, is the Zone 12, which, with Zone 13, has a length of 235 ml. Zones 14,15 and 16 with overall length of 290 ml. Zone 16/A with a length of 130 ml. The depths vary from 7.5 to 10.5 meters. In the head of Calata Boselli there is located the zone 17 with a length of 74 meters and a depth of 7 meters. Zones 12,13,14 are privileged berths for ships loaded with Steel Products and related artifacts. Zones 15,16 and 16/A offer mooring for vessels with loads of rice in bags and in bulk, grain and corn. Zone 17 extends from the Old Frangiflutti (Zone 26), long 205 meters, and mainly used for mooring of vessels used in the work. In front of the exit of the Basin of New Dock there is the Zone 22. There are mooring ships with loads of coal and various minerals. The Mooring is 140 meters long with a depth of about 10 meters. It runs parallel to the Aurelia road, and in the middle, between the coast and the jetty there are small pleasure boats. Along the water surface on the same side, there are the Zones 24 and 25. There are moored the vessels used at the Cant.Navale RIVA (Ex Campanella) from a little distance. When you pass the Old Frangiflutti you lead to the Deep Water Dockyard, not yet completed.
The water mirror has an area of about 80,000 square meters. There are the operational zones 31,32 and 33. The first two areas have a total length of 460 meters with depths of 14-15 meters. Zone 33 is the inner part of the new breakwater, it is divided into three divisions: Root, Center and Head. The commercial length useful is 500 mt. On several occasions, there were also moored ships toward the center, while in the head there are moored, provisionally, only ships that must carry out work, or in transit. Zones 31 and 32 are mainly used for loading and unloading of Containers and Forest Products / Pulp, while Zone 33 for the bosrding of vehicles located few meters away from the storage area for cars.
Ships arriving in Savona and Vado can use 5 anchorage areas. The depth is usually a good holding ground since it consists mainly of sand and mud. With a very choppy sea and coming from South sector, it is still convenient to drop anchor more 'to the Vado Zone, or to the bottom of both anchors. In particular, the latter solution is recommended for large ships carrying motor vehicles since they have high structures and therefore with extremely sensitive sail effect. A special order of the Harbour Office has determined that the anchor zones are the following.
ZONE 1 (Albissola’s Bay) between the points: